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Reading Lists

Reading lists for Core & Option courses These are updated as & when possible, if you see any mistakes please contact the library

Michaelmas 2016 Part II Core 1

Michaelmas 2016 - Part II

C1: Geophysics Core Course

Lecture 21

  • Bercovici, D., 2015. Treatise on Geophysics: Volume 7: Mantle dynamics. Elsevier. 2nd edition. doi:10.1016/B978-0-444-53802-4.00125-1. This is available at the Betty & Gordon Moore Library
  • McKenzie, D.P., 1983. The Earth’s MantleSci. Am. 249, 66–78. doi:10.1038/ scientificamerican0983-66.
  • McKenzie, D.P., Richter, F., 1976. Convection Currents in the Earth’s MantleSci. Am. 235, 72–89. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican1176-72.
  • Schubert, G., Turcotte, D.L., Olson, P., 2001. Mantle convection in the Earth and Planets. Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/CBO9780511612879.

Lecture 22

Lecture 23

Lecture 24

Michaelmas - Core 2

This is the old reading list, when a new one is available it will be updated

Michaelmas Reading List - Core 2: Petrology and Geochemistry

Please note that if references are marked with an asterisk (*) ,they have been highlighted by your lecturers as being particularlyuseful to you.

Book References

These references are for all lectures in this course.

A search in the Library catalogue - Newton - will give you the classmark and location in the Library for each book

  • Bourdon, B. et al, (2003) Uranium-series geochemistry, Review in Mineralogy & Geochemistry, Vol. 52.
  • Dickin, A.P.(2005) 2 nd Ed. Radiogenic isotope geology, Cambridge University Press.
  • Faure, G. (1986) Principles of isotope geology, Wiley.
  • Gill, R. (2010) Igneous rocks and processes : a practical guide, Wiley-Blackwell
  • Hoefs, J. (1997) Stable isotope geochemistry, Springer
  • Mason, B, (1982) Principles of geochemistry, Wiley.
  • Nixon, P.H., (1987) Mantle Xenoliths
  • Nordstrom, D. K. & J. L. Munoz. (1985) Geochemical thermodynamics. (Chapter 4)
  • Powell, R. (1979) Equilibrium thermodynamics in petrology.
  • Rollinson, H.(1993) Using geochemical data: evaluation, presentation, interpretation. Longman Scientific & technical.
  • Spear, F.S. (1993) Metamorphic phase equilibria and pressure-temperature-time paths.
  • Taylor, S.R. & McLennan S.M. (1985) The continental crust, Blackwell Scientific.
  • Wagner G. & Van Den Haute P. (1992) Fission-track dating. Kluwer Academic publishers
  • Yardley, B. (1989) An introduction to metamorphic petrology

Chapters in Edited Volumes

  • Cambell, I., The mantle’s chemical structure. In ‘The Earth‘s mantle: composition, structure and evolution. ’ Ed. I. Jackson (1998) Cambridge University Press
  • Rice J.M. and Ferry J.M. (1982) “Buffering, infiltration and the control of intensive variables during metamorphism.” in Ferry J.M. (ed) Mineralogical Society of America Reviews in Mineralogy, 10, 263-326.
  • Essene. (1983) Geologic thermometry and barometry. IN: Characterization of metamorphism through mineral equilibria, Ferry, J. M. & Burt et al (Eds.) Rev Mineralogy 10, pp153-206.
  • *Carswell, D.A. & Harley, S.L., (1990) Mineral barometry and thermometry. In Eclogite-facies rocks (Ed. Carswell, Blackie). Pages 83-110.

Journal References


If available online the journal title will be hyperlinked to ABSTRACT LEVEL.

A number of these references will be available in the part II/III reprint collection housed in the Library Office. A full listing of what is in this collection is available on the Library website.

Reading - A search in the Library catalogue - LibrarySearch - will give you the classmark and location in the Library for each book

  • B. Mason, (1982) Principles of geochemistry, Wiley
  • Taylor, S.R. & McLennan S.M. (1985) The continental crust, Blackwell Scientific
  • A.P. Dickin, Radiogenic isotope geology, Cambridge University Press, 1995.
  • (Note – there is a second edition of this – 2005)
  • G. Faure, (1986) Principles of isotope geology, Wiley.
  • J. Hoefs, (1997) Stable isotope geochemistry, Springer.
  • H. Rollinson, (1993) Using geochemical data: evaluation, presentation, interpretation. Longman Scientific & technical.
  • J.W. Valley, H.P. Taylor Jr. & J.R. O'Neil, (1986) Stable isotopes in High Temperature Geological Processes, Reviews in Mineralogy, Vol. 16. [Chapters 1, 6, 8 & 9]
  • J.W. Valley, D.R. Cole, (2001) Stable isotopes Geochemistry, Review in Mineralogy & Geochemistry, Vol. 43. [Chapter 5 ]
  • Cerling, T.E. & Craig, H. (1994) Geomorphology and in-situ cosmogenic isotopes. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Science22, 273-317.
  • Uranium-series geochemistry, (2003) Review in Mineralogy & Geochemistry, Vol. 52. [Chapters 1, 3, 4, 9 & 10 ]

Lectures One to Four - Introduction to geochemistry A. V. Turchyn

reading material is available on CamTools

Lecture 1 - Introduction and Major Element Composition

Lecture 2 - Trace Element Partitioning

Lecture 3 - Radiogenic Isotopes

Lecture 4 - Radiogenic Isotopes II


Lecture Five

S A Gibson

Lecture Six


Lecture Seven


Lecture Eight

S A Gibson


Lecture Nine

S A Gibson

Lecture Ten

S A Gibson

Lecture Eleven

S A Gibson

Lecture Twelve

General Reference reading for T J B Holland's section

Philpotts & Ague. (2008) Principles of Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology, Cambridge University Press (2nd ed).

T J B Holland

Lectures Thirteen & Fourteen


T J B Holland

General reading

  • A Philpotts and J Ague. ‘Principles of Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology’.
  • R Vernon and G Clarke. ‘Principles of Metamorphic Petrology’.
      Schreinemakers/projections (Lectures 1 & 2)
    • Nordstrom & Munoz. 1985. ‘Geochemical thermodynamics'. Chapter 4. (good intro)
    • Yardley, B. 1989. ‘An introduction to metamorphic petrology'. Appendix. (basic intro)
    • Spear 1993. ‘Metamorphic phase equilibria and pressure-temperature-time paths'. 
      Chapters 5,8.
    • Philpotts and Ague. ‘Principles of Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology'. Chapter 8.
    •  Pelites (2 & 3)
    • Yardley, B. 1989. ‘An introduction to metamorphic petrology'. Chapter 3.
    • Droop 1981. Alpine metamorphism of pelitic schists in the south east Tauern Window,
    •  Austria. Schweiz Min und Pet Mitt 61, 237-273.
    •  Mahar et al. 1997. The effect of Mn on mineral stability in metapelites. J Met Geol, 15, 223-238.
    • Philpotts and Ague. ‘Principles of Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology'. Chapter 19.
      Weller et al 2013. Quantifying Barrovian metamorphism in the Danba Structural,


      Culmination of eastern Tibet. J Met Geol, doi:10.1111/jmg.12050


      6. Smye et al. 2010. Garnet-chloritoid-kyanite assemblages: eclogite facies indicators of
      subduction constraints in orogenic belts. J Met Geol, 28, 753-768
      Mixed volatile equilibria (4 & 5)
      1. Spear 1993. ‘Metamorphic phase equilibria and pressure-temperature-time paths'.
      Chapter 12.
      2. Powell 1979. ‘Equilibrium thermodynamics in petrology'. Chapter 8.
      3. Yardley, B. 1989. ‘An introduction to metamorphic petrology'. Chapter 5.
      4. Baker J and Matthews A (1994) Textural and isotopic development of marble
      assemblages during the Barrovian-style M2 metamorphic event, Naxos, Greece. Contrib.
      Mineral. Petrol., 116, 130-144.
      5. Rice J.M. 1977 Progressive metamorphism of impure dolomitic limestone in the
      Marysville Aureole, Montana. American Journal of Science, 277, 1-24. (natural example of
      contact metamorphosed siliceous dolomites)
      6. Greenwood, H.J. 1975 Buffering of pore fluids by metamorphic reactions. American
      Journal of Science, 275, 573-594. (simple no-infiltration calculations. note that these do not
      allow for fixed porosity)
      7. Philpotts and Ague. ‘Principles of Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology'. Chapter 20.
      Thermobarometry (6)


      1. Spear 1993. ‘Metamorphic phase equilibria and pressure-temperature-time paths'.
      Chapter 15.
      2. Powell, R. & Holland, T.J.B. 1994. Optimal geothermometry and geobarometry.
      American Mineralogist, 79, 120-133
      3. Philpotts and Ague. ‘Principles of Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology'. Chapter 19.


  • 4. Vernon and Clarke. ‘Principles of Metamorphic Petrology. Chapter 2'.


Lecture Fifteen

T J B Holland


Lecture Sixteen

T J B Holland

Core 3

Reading List - Option 3 (2016)


Reading list for Tim Holland

General reading

  • A Philpotts and J Ague. ‘Principles of Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology’.
  • R Vernon and G Clarke. ‘Principles of Metamorphic Petrology’.

Schreinemakers/projections (1 & 2)

  • Nordstrom & Munoz. 1985. ‘Geochemical thermodynamics’. Chapter 4. (good intro)
  • Yardley, B. 1989. ‘An introduction to metamorphic petrology’. Appendix. (basic intro)
  • Spear 1993. ‘Metamorphic phase equilibria and pressure-temperature-time paths’. Chapters 5,8.
  • Philpotts and Ague. ‘Principles of Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology’. Chapter 8.

Pelites (1 & 2)

Mixed volatile equilibria (3)

Granulite facies (4 & 5)

Also a useful guide on the web from Dave Waters:

Oxidation/reduction and fluids (6)

Michaelmas - Core 4

This is the previosu reading list & will be updated as soon as possible

Michaelmas Reading List - Core 4: Mineralogy

Presently, the only references here are those for Michael Carpenter’s lectures

We will not be getting immersed in tensors, but these books are the best and could be dipped into, particularly Nye.

D.R.Lovett (1989) Tensor properties of Crystals (Good explanations of the basics)

J.F.Nye Physical Properties of Crystals (The bible for this tensor properties)

A.Putnis (1992) Introduction to Mineral Sciences (Bits of Ch 8)


The following deal with Landau theory and strain. They are too detailed for this course but the introductory parts and some of the examples should be useful.

M.A.Carpenter Thermodynamics of phase transitions in minerals: a macroscopic approach. Ch 5 in: The stability of minerals, eds Price and Ross, Mineralogical Society Series, 3 (1992)

M.A.Carpenter, E.K.H.Salje, A.Graeme-Barber Spontaneous strain in minerals. Eur. J. Mineral. 10, 621-691 (1998)

M.A.Carpenter, E.K.H.Salje Elastic anomalies in minerals due to structural phase transitions. Eur. J. Mineral. 10, 693-812 (1998)

E.K.H.Salje Phase transitions in ferroelastic and co-elastic crystals (student editions. Cambridge University Press.)


Specific examples.

M.A.Carpenter, et al. Calibration of excess thermodynamic properties and elastic constant variations associated with the alpha <--> beta phase transition in quartz. Am. Mineral. 83 2-22 (1998)

M.A.Carpenter Elastic properties of minerals and the influence of phase transitions. Am. Mineral. 91, 229-246 (2006)

M.A.Carpenter et al. Structural relationships and a phase diagram for (Ca,Sr)TiO3 perovskites. J. Phys.: Condens. Matt. 18 10725–10749 (2006)

M.A.Carpenter Elastic anomalies accompanying phase transitions in (Ca,Sr)TiO3 perovskties I: Landau theory and a calibration for SrTiO3. Am. Mineral. 92, 309–327 (2007)

R.E.A.McKnight et al. Elastic anomalies associated with transformation sequences in perovskites: I. Strontium zirconate, SrZrO3. J. Phys.: Condens. Matt. 21, 015901 (2009)

M.A.Carpenter et al. High-pressure elasticity of stishovite and the P42/mnm – Pnnm phase transition. J. Geophys. Res. 105, 10807-10816 (2000)

R.J.Hemley et al. Strain/order parameter coupling in the ferroelastic transition in dense SiO2. Sol. St. Comm. 114, 527-532 (2000)

Lakshtanov et al. The post-stishovite phase transition in hydrous alumina-bearing SiO2 in the lower mantle of the earth. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 104, 13588–13590 (2007)

Nomura et al. Precise determination of post-stishovite phase transition boundary and implications for seismic heterogeneities in the mid-lower mantle. Phys. Earth Plan. Int. 183, 104-109.


1A Earth Sciences - Reading List & Resources

This reading list is intended to include the major texts that are in press that cover this course. Most of these books should be available in your college libraries. There may be other (older) texts available that cover the same material either in college libraries, or recommended by lecturers through the year. Recent texts are indicated thus ‘N’. Texts indicated with asterisks will be of use in more than one section of the course, and those marked ‘***’ are particularly recommended. Where the text is available as an e-book the link has been included Please contact the library if you have any queries about this page

1A collections screen shotResource: 1A Reference Series: Rocks, Minerals & Fossils 


This website houses photographs and descriptions of the specimens found in the 1A (first year) Reference Series at the Department of Earth Sciences, University of Cambridge. This series is a collection of rocks, minerals and fossils used to aid the first year Geology students in their practical revision. It is not an exhaustive collection, but includes the range of specimens with which the first year students should become familiar. You may also want to use The Virtual Microscope web site in conjunction with the Reference series - or Vice Versa


Reading List

Introductory texts

  • *** Davidson, JP. Reed, WE, & Davis, PM, 1997. Exploring Earth: an introduction to physical geology. Prentice-Hall. 2nd ed 2002
  • ***N Langmuir, C.H., & Broecker, W.S., 2012. How to Build a Habitable Planet. Princetown University Press. ebook
  • **N Kearey P., Klepais, K.A. & Vine F.J., 2009, Global Tectonics 3rd edition. Blackwell. ebook
  • **N Press, F. 2004, Understanding Earth. Freeman
  • * Duff, D (ed), 1994. Holmes’ principles of physical geology, Chapman and Hall (do not get older editions).
  • Lunine, JI, 2013. Earth: evolution of a habitable world 2nd edition, Cambridge University Press. Ebook
  • Skinner, B.J., Porter, S.C., Park, J. & Freeman, T. 2006, The Dynamic Earth. Wiley.

What's the Earth made of? Earth & other planets

  • ***N Cornelis Klein and Tony Philpotts, 2013, Earth Materials: Introduction to Mineralogy and Petrology, Cambridge University Press.
  • ***N Deer, W.A., Howie, R.A. and Zussman, J, 2013. “An Introduction to the rock forming minerals”. Mineralogical Society.
  • *** MacKenzie, W.S. and Guildford, C. “Atlas of Rock-Forming Minerals in Thin Section.” (Longman)
  • * Brown, GC et al, 1992. Understanding the Earth, 2nd edition. Cambridge University Press.
  • * Duff, D (ed), 1994. Holmes’ principles of physical geology, Chapman and Hall (do not get older editions).
  • * Fowler, CMR, 2004. The solid Earth. 2nd edition. Cambridge University Press. Contains much of the geophysics that a petrologist should know.
  • Putnis, Andrew, 1992, “Introduction to Mineral Sciences.” (Cambridge University Press)
  • Hans-Rudolf Wenk and Andrei Bulakh, 2004, “Minerals. Their constitution and origin.” (Cambridge University Press) ebook
  • Ron H. Vernon, 2004, “A practical guide to rock microstructure.” (Cambridge University Press) ebook
  • Battey, MH & Pring, A, 1997, Mineralogy for Students (3rd edition). Longman
  • Cox, KG, Price, NB & Harte, B 1988, An introduction to the practical study of crystals, minerals and rocks. McGraw-Hill.
  • MacKenzie, WS & Adams, AE, 1994, A colour atlas of rocks and minerals in thin section, Manson.
  • Scientific American “The Dynamic Earth” Sept. 1983. Chapters on “The Mantle”, “The Core”. - Good introduction to units 15-24.
  • N Schubert, G., Turcotte, D.L. and Olson P., 2001. “Mantle convection in the Earth and planets”. (Cambridge University Press). Ebook



  • ***N Nichols, G. 2009. Sedimentology and stratigraphy, 2nd edition. Wiley-Blackwell. 419 pp. ISBN 978-1-4051-3592-4. Earth Sciences Library B.05.776.1 ebook
  • Stow, D.A.V. 2005. Sedimentary rocks in the field : a colour guide. Manson, 320 pp. ISBN 1-87454-569-3. Earth Sciences Library B.43.59M
  • N Tucker, M.E. 2011. Sedimentary rocks in the field. 4th edition, Wiley, 288 pp. ISBN 0-47085-123-6 Earth Sciences Library B.03.380.6 (3rd edn) ebook 2001
  • Collinson, J.D., Mountney, N. & Thompson, D.B. 2006. Sedimentary structures. 3rd Edition. Terra. 292 pp. ISBN 1-90354-419-X. Earth Sciences Library B.05.438 (2nd edn).
  • Allen, PA, 1997, Earth surface processes. Blackwells. 416 pp. ISBN 0-632-03507-2. Earth Sciences Library B.05.746 ebook



  • *** Cronin, T.M., 2010. Paleoclimates: Understanding Climate Change Past and Present. Columbia University Press, ISBN 978-0-231-14494-0
  • Imbrie, J. and Imbrie, K.P., 1979. Ice Ages: Solving the Mystery. Harvard University Press, ISBN: 0-674-44075-7, 224 pp.
  • IPCC AR4 (2007). Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2007. Solomon, S., D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M. Tignor and H.L. Miller (eds.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA. Available on line at:
  • Peixoto, J. and Oort, A.H., 1992. Physics of Climate, Chapter 6, AIP, ISBN 0-88318-711-6, 520pp.
  • Ruddiman, W.F., 2001. Earth's climate: past and future. W.H. Freeman and company, ISBN 0-7167-3741-8 (pbk.), 465 pp.+ xxi
  • Trenberth, K., Fasullo, J., Kiehl, J. (2009). Earth’s global energy budget. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. March 2009, 311-323. ejournal



  • Conway-Morris, S. (2003) Life’s solution: inevitable humans in a lonely universe. Cambridge. Ebook
  • Clarkson, E.N.K., 1993. “Invertebrate Palaeontology and Evolution” (4th edition). Blackwells. Ebook
  • Raup, D.M. & Stanley, S.M., 1978. “Principles of Paleontology” (2nd edition). Freeman.
  • Kemp, T.S. 1999. “Fossils and Evolution”. Oxford. 
  • Benton, M. & Harper, D. (1997) Basic palaeontology. Addison Wesley Longman. 
  • Knoll, A.H. (2004). Life on a young planet: The first three billion years of evolution on Earth. Princeton.
  • N Foote, M. & Miller, A. 2007. Principles of Paleontology. Freeman. £40.99. ISBN: 071670613X [NB. This is the successor to D.M. Raup & S.M. Stanley’s Principles of Paleontology.]
  • N Thomson, K. 2005. Fossils: A very short introduction. Oxford University Press. £6.99. ISBN: 9780192805041 Miller. ebook







  • Woodcock, N.H. & Strachan, R.A. (2012) Geological history of Britain and Ireland. (Second edition) Wiley-Blackwell (or first edition, 2000) Ebook
  • Hunter, A. & Easterbrook, G. (2004) The Geological History of the British Isles. Open University.

Link to items on the list held by the Betty & Gordon Moore Library - you will need to be logged in to Raven to access this


1B Geological Sciences - Reading Lists

This list summarises the key reference texts [that are mostly in print] that you may wish to use throughout your second year of geology. There may be other books and papers that are suggested for particular parts of the course that are not featured on this list. You should be able to find many of these books in your college libraries, or else in the Departmental library. You may (eventually) wish to consider purchasing those marked **.


  • Fossen, H. 2010, Structural geology, Cambridge University Press, 480pp. Ebook
  • McClay, K. R. 2002. The mapping of geological structures. (2nd edition) Wiley, 224 pp.
  • Maltman, A. 1998. Geological maps: an introduction. (2nd Edition) Wiley 260 pp.
  • Park, R. G. 1997. Foundations of structural geology. (3rd edition) Chapman & Hall, 214 pp, reprinted 2005 by Routledge.



  • Allen, P.A. 1997, Earth Surface Processes. Blackwell, Oxford, 404p. ISBN 0-632-03507-2. Ebook
  • Cox A. & R.B. Hart. 1986. Plate Tectonics: How it works. Blackwell Scientific Publications. Ebook
  • ** C. Mary Fowler (2004). The Solid Earth, 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press. (An outstanding book covering a wide range of global geophysics. Will still be useful at Part II.)



  • W.S. Broecker and T.H. Peng, Tracers in the sea; Eldigio Press, 1982, 690pp. Now out of print, but in many college libraries.
  • G. Faure, Principles of Isotope geology, 2nd edition, Wiley, 1986, 589pp. The standard text for an introduction to isotope systematics.
  • S.M. Libes, An introduction to marine biogeochemistry; Wiley, 1992, 734pp. 2Nd ed 2009 Ebook Covers some of the topics at a less advanced level.
  • Open University, Ocean chemistry and deep-sea sediments, Pergamon Press, 1989 and 1991 (also excellent coverage of basics)



  • ** Bridge, J. and Demicco, R., 2008. Earth Surface Processes, Landforms and Sediment Deposits. Cambridge University Press. Leading text book on the subject.
  • ** Nichols, G. 1999. Sedimentology and stratigraphy. Blackwell Science, 355 pp. Excellent coverage for our courses on both Sedimentology and sedimentary basins. Ebook
  • Leeder, M.R. 1999 Sedimentology and sedimentary basins: from turbulence to tectonics. Blackwell Science. Ebook.
  • Good coverage of sediment transport by fluids and good on basins and clastics as well.
  • Reading, H.G. (ed). 1996. Sedimentary environments: processes, facies and stratigraphy. 3rd edition. Blackwell. Ebook Encyclopaedic, reference.
  • Scoffin, T.P. 1987. An introduction to carbonate sediments and rocks. Blackie.
  • Stow, D.A.V. 2005. Sedimentary rocks in the field: A colour guide. Manson Publishing.
  • Tucker, M.E. 2001. An introduction to sedimentary petrology. 3rd edition. Blackwell. Ebook 



  • Briggs, D. E. G., and Crowther, P. R. 1990. Palaeobiology, a synthesis. Blackwell Scientific, Oxford. (Short essays on a wide range of palaeobiological topics)
  • Briggs, D.E.G., and Crowther, P.R. 2001. Palaeobiology II, A synthesis. Blackwell Scientific, Oxford. Ebook (Short essays on a wide range of palaeobiological topics)
  • ** Clarkson, E. N. 1998. Invertebrate palaeontology and evolution, 4th ed. Blackwell. Ebook  (A straightforward survey of the important fossil-forming invertebrates)
  • Futuyma, D. J. 2005 Evolution. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland (Massachusetts). 603 pp. A comprehensive and up to date text covering all aspects of evolutionary biology.
  • Lipps, J. H. (ed.) 1993. Fossil prokaryotes and protists. Blackwell Scientific, Boston. (Useful overview of the important fossil-forming protists)
  • Skelton, P. (ed.) 1993. Evolution, a biological and palaeontological approach. Addison-Wesley. Exhaustive coverage of evolutionary principles with a focus on the unique contribution of palaeontological data.



  • Benton, M.J. 2005. Vertebrate Palaeontology 3rd Edn. Blackwell. Ebook
  • Kemp, T.S. 2005. The origin and evolution of mammals. Oxford University Press. Ebook
  • Pough, F.H., Janis, C.M. & Heiser, JB., 2012. Vertebrate life. Pearson, 9th Edition. (Good stuff if you want to learn a little more about the nuts, bolts and biology of these critters - mix of living and fossil forms helps as well.)



  • Allen PA, Allen JR 2013, Basin Analysis: Principles and Application to Petroleum Play Assessment, Chichester, Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Allen P.A., Allen John R. 2005, Basin analysis: Principles and Applications, Oxford Blackwell Pub, ISBN:9780632052073. 2Nd ed ebook. Good on general principles; more detail than you need, but with a useful chapter on petroleum near the end.
  • Busby, C.J. & Ingersoll, R.V. (eds) 1995 Tectonics of sedimentary basins. Blackwell Science, Oxford. (Takes a geological rather than mechanical view of basins. Useful chapters on basins in each main tectonic setting.)
  • Leeder, M. 1999. Sedimentology and sedimentary basins: from turbulence to tectonics. Blackwell Science, Oxford. Ebook (Mostly on sedimentology, but has a concise reliable treatment of basins at the end.)

Option 5 - 2016



Reading List - Option 5 (2016)

Please note that if references are marked with an asterisk (*) , they have been highlighted by your lecturers as being particularly useful to you.

David Norman Lectures

Op 5. Evolutionary Palaeobiology (vertebrates)


Useful textbooks: Tetrapods generally:

Dinosaurs specifically:

Thought-provoking references on the biology/physiology of transition: 


Useful textbooks:

  • Brusatte S (2012). Dinosaur paleobiology. Wiley Blackwell
  • Fastovsky & Weishampel (2005). The evolution and extinction of the dinosaurs. Cambridge University Press.
  • Curry-Rogers K & Wilson J (2005). The Sauropods: evolution and paleobiology. California University Press
  • Norman D (2005). Dinosaurs – a very short introduction. Oxford University Press

Specific references: 

The soft tissues and biochemistry of dinosaurs investigated and endlessly argued over. This list includes stuff you never actually read from the 1A course! Now's the chance to catch up?



Useful textbooks: 

  • Norman D (2005) Dinosaurs a very short introduction. Oxford University Press.
  • Gauthier, J & LF Gall (2001). New perspectives on the origin and early evolution of birds. Proceedings of the international symposium in honour of John H Ostrom. Peabody Museum, Yale University.

Some specific references:


  • Norman D & Weishampel D (1985). Ornithopod feeding mechanisms: their bearing on the evolution of herbivory. Am. Naturalist 126: 151
  • Farlow J (1987). Speculations about the diet and digestive physiology of herbivorous dinosaurs. Paleobiology 13: 60-72.
  • Barrett P & Willis K (2001). Did dinosaurs invent flowers? Dinosaur-angiosperm co-evolution revisited. Biological Reviews 76: 411-447.
  • Piperno, DR & H-D Sues (2005). Dinosaurs dined on grass. Science 310: 1126-1128.
  • Holliday & Witmer (2008). Cranial kinesis in dinosaurs: intracranial joints, protractor muscles and their significance for cranial evolution and function in diapsids. J. Vertebr. Paleo. 28: 1073-1088.
  • Williams V, Barrett P, Purnell, M (2009). Quantitative analysis of dental microwear in hadrosaurid dinosaurs – jaw mechanics and feeding. Proc Natl Acad Sci 106: 11194-11199.
  • Bell, Snively & Shychoski (2009). A comparison of jaw mechanics in hadrosaurid and ceratopid dinosaurs using FEA. The Anatomical Record 292: 1338-1351.
  • Erickson et al. (2012). Complex dental structure and wear biomechanics in hadrosaurid dinosaurs. Science 338: 98-101.
  • Barrett P (2014). Paleobiology of herbivorous dinosaurs. Ann. Rev. Earth Planet Sci 42: 207-230.
  • Mallon & Anderson (2014). The functional and palaeoecological implications of tooth morphology and wear for megaherbivorous dinosaurs ... PlosONE 9 (6) e98605.

Respiration/aerobic capacity 

  • O'Connor P & L Claessens (2005). Basic avian pulmonary design and flow-through ventilation in non-avian theropod dinosaurs. Nature 436: 253-256. (the ground-breaking paper) 

  • Farmer C & K Sanders (2010). Unidirectional airflow in the lungs of alligators. Science 327: 338-340. (Ah ha! so basal archosaurs have surprisingly 'efficient' lungs as well ... so what does that tell us?) 

  • Benson, R, Butler, R et al (2012). Air-filled postcranial bones in theropod dinosaurs: physiological implications and the ‘reptile’-bird transition. Biological Reviews 87: 168-193. (What it says on the tin)

Lecture 8. Ultimate dinosaurs - the birds

Useful textbooks: 

  • Gauthier, J & LF Gall (2001). New perspectives on the origin and early evolution of birds. Proceedings of the international symposium in honour of John H Ostrom. Peabody Museum, Yale University. 

  • Fastovsky D & Weishampel, D (2005). The evolution and extinction of the dinosaurs. Cambridge University Press 

  • Brusatte S (2012) Dinosaur paleobiology. Wiley-Blackwell + a little intellectual excursion into evolutionary theorizing: 'correlated progression' - an approach concerning the question of how to turn a large reptile into a small mammal (or a bird) ... 

  • Kemp T (2005). The origin and evolution of mammals. Oxford Univ Press.

Some specific references (bird origins):

  • Huxley TH (1870). Further evidence of the affinity between the dinosaurian reptiles and birds. Quart. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 26: 12-31. 

  • Ostrom JH (1976). Archaeopteryx and the origin of birds. Biol J Linn Soc London 8: 91-182. 

  • Gatesy SM (1995). Functional evolution of the hindlimb and tail from basal theropods to birds. Functional morphology in vertebrate paleontology (Ed. JJ Thomason. Cambridge Univ Press. 

  • Ji & Ji (1996). On the discovery of the earliest fossil bird in China (Sinosauropteryx gen. nov) and the origin of birds. Chinese Geology, 233: 30-33. [The first report of feathered theropods from China]. 

  • Gatesy, SM & K. Dial (1996). Locomotor modules and the evolution of avian flight. Evolution 50: 331-340.

  • Gatesy, SM & K. Dial (1996). From frond to fan: Archaeopteryx and the evolution of short-tailed birds. Evolution 50: 2037-2048. 

  • Padian, K & Chiappe, LM (1998). The origin of birds and their flight. Scientific American (February): 28-37. 

  • Wagner GP & J Gauthier (1999). A solution to the problem of the homology of the digits in the avian hand. PNAS 96: 5111-5116. [also a critique by Feduccia in same issue] 

  • Currie, PJ & Chen, PJ (2001). Anatomy of Sinosauropteryx prima from Liaoning, northeastern China. Canadian J Earth Sci. 38: 1705-1727.

  • Dial, K. (2003). Wing-assisted inclined running and the evolution of flight. Science 299: 402-404. 

  • Xu, X. et al (2004).Basal tyrannosauroids from China and evidence of protofeathers in tyrannosauroids. Nature 431: 680-684. 

  • Xu, X & M. Norell (2004). A new troodontid dinosaur from China with an avian-like sleeping posture. Nature 431: 838-841.

  • Xu, X et al. (2009). A Jurassic ceratosaur from China helps clarify avian digital homologies. Nature 459: 940-944.

  • Benson, RBJ, Butler, RJ et al (2012). Air-filled postcranial bones in theropod dinosaurs: physiological implications and the ‘reptile’-bird transition. Biological Reviews 87: 168-193. 

  • Xu, et al. (2015). A bizarre Jurassic maniraptoran theropod with preserved evidence of membranous wings. Nature 521: 70-73



Option 3 - 2016

Reading List - Option 3 (2016)

Please note that if references are marked with an asterisk (*) , they have been highlighted by your lecturers as being particularly useful to you.

Part II/III Options Course O3
Igneous and Metamorphic Processes - John Maclennan

Lectures 6-11: Icelandic Magmatism

Lecture 6: The geology, petrology and geophysics of Iceland
The active rift zones and volcanic systems. Flank zones. Ridge Jumps. Accretion of the upper crust. Crustal thickness variations and mantle seismic tomography

Practical 6: Estimates of the mantle potential temperature under Iceland
Olivine-liquid equilibria. REE geochemistry and crustal thickness. Seismic velocity.

Lecture 7: Melt generation at mid-ocean ridges
Upwelling at mid-ocean ridges. Models of melting and prediction of basalt geochemistry circa 1992. Comparison with observations. Improving the models.

Practical 7: Volcanism and glaciation in Iceland. Relationship between eruption rates and glaciation. Magma chamber processes. Mantle melting.

Lecture 8: Mantle heterogeneity under Iceland
Iceland in the North Atlantic. Variation within Iceland. Variation within single volcanic systems. Nature of recycled material in the source. Components galore. Consequences of melting a heterogeneous source.

Practical 8: Constraints on mantle upwelling rates REE composition of basalts and crustal thickness. U-series disequilibrium.

Lecture 9: Melt transport under ridges
Constraints on melt transport rates. Evidence for channelisation – dunite formation. How do channels form? How are melts focussed to the ridge axis?

Practical 9: Flow and melting of heterogeneous mantle under the North Atlantic - Understanding geochemical asymmetry around Iceland. Linking geochemical variations on the Reykjanes Ridge to V-Shaped Ridge record of mantle temperature variations. Plume fluxes.

Lecture 10: The ridge filter: Mixing and crystallisation in magma chambers
Location of magma chambers. Fractional crystallisation. Mixing.

Practical 10: Crystallisation in the Icelandic crust

Barometric methods: Cpx-liquid equilibria, Olivine-plagioclase-augite-liquid co-saturation. Depth range of crystallisation, products of crystallisation. Petrography of Icelandic basalts and crustal xenoliths.

Lecture 11: Magmatic processes in the lead-up to large eruptions.
Laki and other large fissure eruptions. Rhyolites and hydrothermal activity. Crustal assimilation. The lateral flow debate.

Practical 11: The petrologic method
The Laki eruption.

Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems

Core 4 2016

Reading List for C4 (Hodell) by Subject

Deep Sea Sediments

General references:

Specific papers:

Methods of temperature and ice volume reconstruction in marine sediments


Oxygen isotopes


  • Lea, D.W. (2003) Elemental and Isotopic Proxies of Marine Temperatures, pp. 365-390. In The Oceans and Marine Geochemistry (ed. H. Elderfield, ed.) Vol. 6 Treatise on Geochemistry (eds H.D. Holland and K.K. Tuerekian), Elsevier-Pergamon, Oxford.
  • Rosenthal, Y., B.K. Linsley, Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca Paleothermometery from Calcareous Marine Fossils, chapter in the Encyclopedia of Quaternary Sciences, Elsevier Ltd., 2006.

Clumped isotopes



Milankovitch Theory of the Ice Ages

General reading:

  • Imbrie, J. and Imbrie, K.P., 1979. Ice Ages: Solving the Mystery. Harvard University Press, ISBN: 0-674-44075-7

Review paper:

Classic papers:

For an alternative view:

Middle Pleistocene Transition