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Climate, Science and Oceanography

The Earth's Climate is not static but has evolved over the last 4.5 Billion years, and continues to do so into the Anthropocene. An incredibly active area of research today, this subject introduces you to the methods by which past climates can be reconstructed, the exact uncertainties involved, and to what extent the climate system can be modelled.

Rahmstorf et al 2005
Rahmstorf et al 2005
In order to understand the climate system it is crucial to have an understanding of the oceans, since they constitute the largest heat reservoir on the planet's surface. We study ocean circulation, and how it changed during the ice-ages and previously. 


You will develop a knowledge of the history of the Earth's climate and its oceans over four billion years, and learn skills that will enable you to critically analyse research being published day-by-day.

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For the first year material on this subject, see the Part IA Earth Climate System Course.