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Michaelmas 2016 Part II Core 1

C1: Geophysics Core Course

Lecture 1 - Alex Copley

Lecture 2

Lecture 3 

Lecture 4

Lecture 5

Lecture 6

Lecture 7

Lecture 8

  • Alisic, L., Gurnis, M., Stadler, G., Burstedde, C., Ghattas, O., 2012. Multi-scale dynamics and rheology of mantle flow with plates. J. Geophys. Res. 117, B10402. doi:10.1029/2012JB009234
  • Copley, A., Avouac, J.-P., Royer, J.-Y., 2010. India-Asia collision and the Cenozoic slowdown of the Indian plate: Implications for the forces driving plate motions. Journal of Geophysical Research 115. doi:10.1029/2009JB006634
  • Forsyth, D., Uyedaf†, S., 1975. On the Relative Importance of the Driving Forces of Plate Motion*. Geophysical Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society 43, 163–200. doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.1975.tb00631.x
  • McKenzie, D., Richter, F., 1978. Simple plate models of mantle convection.

Lecture 9 -

  • Austrheim, H., Boundy, T.M., 1994. Pseudotachylytes Generated During Seismic Faulting and Eclogitization of the Deep Crust. Science 265, 82–83.
  • Bjørnerud, M.G., Austrheim, H., Lund, M.G., 2002. Processes leading to eclogitization (densification) of subducted and tectonically buried crust. J. Geophys. Res. 107, 2252. doi:10.1029/2001JB000527
  • Brace, W.F., Kohlstedt, D.L., 1980. Limits on lithospheric stress imposed by laboratory experiments. J. Geophys. Res. 85, 6248–6252. doi:10.1029/JB085iB11p06248
  • Chen, W.-P., Molnar, P., 1983. Focal depths of intracontinental and intraplate earthquakes and their implications for the thermal and mechanical properties of the lithosphere. J. Geophys. Res. 88, 4183–4214. doi:10.1029/JB088iB05p04183 
  • Jackson, J., 2002. Strength of the continental lithosphere: Time to abandon the jelly sandwich? GSA Today 12, 4. doi:10.1130/1052-5173(2002)0122.0.CO;2
  • Jackson, J., McKENZIE, D. a. N., Priestley, K., Emmerson, B., 2008. New views on the structure and rheology of the lithosphere. Journal of the Geological Society 165, 453–465. doi:10.1144/0016-76492007-109
  • Jackson, J.A., Austrheim, H., McKenzie, D., Priestley, K., 2004. Metastability, mechanical strength, and the support of mountain belts. Geology 32, 625–628. doi:10.1130/G20397.1
  • Maggi, A., Jackson, J.A., McKenzie, D., Priestley, K., 2000. Earthquake focal depths, effective elastic thickness, and the strength of the continental lithosphere. Geology 28, 495–498. doi:10.1130/0091-7613(2000)282.0.CO;2
  • McKenzie, D., Jackson, J., Priestley, K., 2005. Thermal structure of oceanic and continental lithosphere. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 233, 337–349. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2005.02.005

Lecture 10 - John Rudge

Lecture 11 Lecture 12 Lecture 13 Lecture 14 Lecture 15

Bickle, M., Chadwick, A., Huppert, H.E., Hallworth, M., Lyle, S., 2007. Modelling carbon dioxide accumulation at Sleipner: Implications for underground carbon storage. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 255, 164–176. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2006.12.013 Bickle, M.J., 2009. Geological carbon storage. Nature Geosci 2, 815–818. doi:10.1038/ngeo687 Boait, F.C., White, N.J., Bickle, M.J., Chadwick, R.A., Neufeld, J.A., Huppert, H.E., 2012. Spatial and temporal evolution of injected CO2 at the Sleipner Field, North Sea. J. Geophys. Res. 117, B03309. doi:10.1029/2011JB008603 Huppert, H.E., Neufeld, J.A., 2014. The Fluid Mechanics of Carbon Dioxide Sequestration. Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics 46, 255–272. Lyle, S., Huppert, H.E., Hallworth, M., Bickle, M., Chadwick, A., 2005. Axisymmetric gravity currents in a porous medium. Journal of Fluid Mechanics 543, 293–302. doi:10.1017/S0022112005006713 Lecture 16 Huppert, H.E., 1982. The propagation of two-dimensional and axisymmetric viscous gravity currents over a rigid horizontal surface. Journal of Fluid Mechanics 121, 43–58. doi:10.1017/S0022112082001797 Rignot, E., Mouginot, J., Scheuchl, B., 2011. Ice Flow of the Antarctic Ice Sheet. Science 333, 1427–1430. doi:10.1126/science.1208336 Zhang, P.-Z., Shen, Z., Wang, M., Gan, W., Bürgmann, R., Molnar, P., Wang, Q., Niu, Z., Sun, J., Wu, J., Hanrong, S., Xinzhao, Y., 2004. Continuous deformation of the Tibetan Plateau from global positioning system data. Geology 32, 809–812. doi:10.1130/G20554.1 Copley, A., McKenzie, D., 2007. Models of crustal flow in the India-Asia collision zone. Geophys. J. Int. 169, 683–698. doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2007.03343.x Lecture 17 - David Al-Attar Lecture 18 Lecture 19 French, S.W., Romanowicz, B., 2015. Broad plumes rooted at the base of the Earth’s mantle beneath major hotspots. Nature 525, 95–99. doi:10.1038/nature14876 Fukao, Y., Obayashi, M., 2013. Subducted slabs stagnant above, penetrating through, and trapped below the 660 km discontinuity. J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth 118, 2013JB010466. doi:10.1002/2013JB010466 Woodhouse, J.H., Dziewonski, A.M., 1989. Seismic Modelling of the Earth’s Large-Scale Three-Dimensional Structure. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Mathematical and Physical Sciences 328, 291–308. Lecture 20 Deuss, A., Woodhouse, J., 2001. Seismic Observations of Splitting of the Mid-Transition Zone Discontinuity in Earth’s Mantle. Science 294, 354–357. doi:10.1126/science.1063524 Ritsema, J., van Heijst, H.J., Woodhouse, J.H., 2004. Global transition zone tomography. J. Geophys. Res. 109, B02302. doi:10.1029/2003JB002610 Woodhouse, J.H., Dziewonski, A.M., 1984. Mapping the upper mantle: Three-dimensional modeling of earth structure by inversion of seismic waveforms. J. Geophys. Res. 89, 5953–5986. doi:10.1029/JB089iB07p05953 Zhu, H., Bozda?, E., Peter, D., Tromp, J., 2012. Structure of the European upper mantle revealed by adjoint tomography. Nature Geosci 5, 493–498. doi:10.1038/ngeo1501

Lecture 21

  • Bercovici, D., 2015. Treatise on Geophysics: Volume 7: Mantle dynamics. Elsevier. 2nd edition. doi:10.1016/B978-0-444-53802-4.00125-1. This is available at the Betty & Gordon Moore Library
  • McKenzie, D.P., 1983. The Earth’s MantleSci. Am. 249, 66–78. doi:10.1038/ scientificamerican0983-66.
  • McKenzie, D.P., Richter, F., 1976. Convection Currents in the Earth’s MantleSci. Am. 235, 72–89. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican1176-72.
  • Schubert, G., Turcotte, D.L., Olson, P., 2001. Mantle convection in the Earth and Planets. Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/CBO9780511612879.

Lecture 22

Lecture 23

Lecture 24