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Option 11 - Reconstructing Climate and Ocean Physics

This is the suggested reading for Option 11 (2018-19), Reconstructing Climate and Ocean Physics using the Marine Sedimentary Record, lectured by Alex Piotrowski and Andy Woods.

Lecture 2 - Alex Piotrowski

  • Andrews, John. 2000. “Icebergs and Iceberg Rafted Detritus (IRD) in the North Atlantic: Facts and Assumptions.” Oceanography 13 (3): 100–108.
  • Dutkiewicz, Adriana, R. Dietmar Müller, Simon O’Callaghan, and Hjörtur Jónasson. 2015. “Census of Seafloor Sediments in the World’s Ocean.” Geology 43 (9): 795–98.
  • Fagel, Nathalie. 2007. “Chapter Four Clay Minerals, Deep Circulation and Climate.” In Developments in Marine Geology, 1:139–84. Elsevier.
  • Griffin, John J., Herbert Windom, and Edward D. Goldberg. 1968. “The Distribution of Clay Minerals in the World Ocean.” Deep Sea Research and Oceanographic Abstracts 15 (4): 433–59.
  • Hemming, Sidney R. 2004. “Heinrich Events: Massive Late Pleistocene Detritus Layers of the North Atlantic and Their Global Climate Imprint.” Reviews of Geophysics 42 (1).
  • Hodell, David A., Joseph A. Nicholl, Tomaso R. R. Bontognali, Steffan Danino, Javier Dorador, Julian A. Dowdeswell, Joshua Einsle, et al. 2017. “Anatomy of Heinrich Layer 1 and Its Role in the Last Deglaciation: HEINRICH EVENT 1.” Paleoceanography 32 (3): 284–303.
  • Kohfeld, Karen E, and Sandy P Harrison. 2001. “DIRTMAP: The Geological Record of Dust.” Earth-Science Reviews 54 (1–3): 81–114.
  • Syvitski, James P.M, Scott D Peckham, Rachael Hilberman, and Thierry Mulder. 2003. “Predicting the Terrestrial Flux of Sediment to the Global Ocean: A Planetary Perspective.” Sedimentary Geology 162 (1–2): 5–24.


Lecture 3 - Nick McCave

Sortable Silt

  • McCave, I. N., B. Manighetti, and S. G. Robinson. 1995. “Sortable Silt and Fine Sediment Size/Composition Slicing: Parameters for Palaeocurrent Speed and Palaeoceanography.” Paleoceanography 10 (3): 593–610.
  • McCave, I.N. 2008. “Chapter 8 Size Sorting During Transport and Deposition of Fine Sediments.” In Developments in Sedimentology, 60:121–42. Elsevier.
  • McCave, I.N., D.J.R. Thornalley, and I.R. Hall. 2017. “Relation of Sortable Silt Grain-Size to Deep-Sea Current Speeds: Calibration of the ‘Mud Current Meter.’” Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers 127 (September): 1–12.





  • McCave, I. N. 2002. “A Poisoned Chalice?” Science 298 (5596): 1186–87.
  • McCave, I. N., and Brian E. Tucholke. 1986. “Deep Current-Controlled Sedimentation in the Western North Atlantic.” In The Western North Atlantic Region, edited by Peter R. Vogt and Brian E. Tucholke, 451–68. North America: Geology of North America.



  • Hall, Ian R., I. Nicholas McCave, Nicholas J. Shackleton, Graham P. Weedon, and Sara E. Harris. 2001. “Intensified Deep Pacific Inflow and Ventilation in Pleistocene Glacial Times.” Nature 412 (6849): 809–12.
  • Kleiven, H. F., I. R. Hall, I. N. McCave, G. Knorr, and E. Jansen. 2011. “Coupled Deep-Water Flow and Climate Variability in the Middle Pleistocene North Atlantic.” Geology 39 (4): 343–46.
  • Roberts, J., I.N. McCave, E.L. McClymont, S. Kender, C.-D. Hillenbrand, R. Matano, D.A. Hodell, and V.L. Peck. 2017. “Deglacial Changes in Flow and Frontal Structure through the Drake Passage.” Earth and Planetary Science Letters 474 (September): 397–408.
  • Thornalley, D. J. R., M. Blaschek, F. J. Davies, S. Praetorius, D. W. Oppo, J. F. McManus, I. R. Hall, H. Kleiven, H. Renssen, and I. N. McCave. 2013. “Long-Term Variations in Iceland–Scotland Overflow Strength during the Holocene.” Climate of the Past 9 (5): 2073–84.



  • McCave, I. N., and James P. M. Syvitski. 1991. “Principles and Methods of Geological Particle Size Analysis.” In Principles, Methods, and Application of Particle Size Analysis, edited by James P. M. Syvitski, 3–21. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Lecture 5 - Alex Piotrowski

  • Gardner, Wilford D., Mary Jo Richardson, and Alexey V. Mishonov. 2018. “Global Assessment of Benthic Nepheloid Layers and Linkage with Upper Ocean Dynamics.” Earth and Planetary Science Letters 482 (January): 126–34.
  • Hernandez-Molina, F. J., D. A. V. Stow, C. A. Alvarez-Zarikian, G. Acton, A. Bahr, B. Balestra, E. Ducassou, et al. 2014. “Onset of Mediterranean Outflow into the North Atlantic.” Science 344 (6189): 1244–50.
  • McCave, I. N., and Brian E. Tucholke. 1986. “Chapter 27: Deep Current-Controlled Sedimentation in the Western North Atlantic.” In The Geology of North America; The Western Atlantic Region, edited by Peter R. Vogt and Brian E. Tucholke, M:451–68. Boulder, Colorado: Geological Society of America.
  • Rebesco, Michele, F. Javier Hernández-Molina, David Van Rooij, and Anna Wåhlin. 2014. “Contourites and Associated Sediments Controlled by Deep-Water Circulation Processes: State-of-the-Art and Future Considerations.” Marine Geology 352 (June): 111–54.
  • Stow, Dorrik A.V, and Mike Mayall. 2000. “Deep-Water Sedimentary Systems: New Models for the 21st Century.” Marine and Petroleum Geology 17 (2): 125–35.

Lecture 7 - Alex Piotrowski