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Option 2 - Lithospheric Dynamics

This is the summary reading list for Option 2, taught by Nicky White. Please refer to each set of lecture notes for more focused reading suggestions.

Option 2 - Probing Lithospheric Dynamics through Space and Time (Nicky White)

Lecture 1 - advanced stretching

  • Barton, Penny, and Rosy Wood. 2008. 'Tectonic Evolution of the North Sea Basin: Crustal Stretching and Subsidence'. Geophysical Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society 79 (3): 987–1022.
  • Bellingham, P, and N White. 2000. 'A General Inverse Method for Modelling Extensional Sedimentary Basins'. Basin Research, 8.
  • Le Pichon, Xavier, and Jean-Claude Sibuet. 1981. 'Passive Margins: A Model of Formation'. Journal of Geophysical Research 86 (B5): 3708.
  • McKenzie, D. 1978. 'Some Remarks on the Development of Sedimentary Basins'. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 40 (1): 25–32.
  • White, Nicky, Mark Thompson, and Tony Barwise. 2003. 'Understanding the Thermal Evolution of Deep-Water Continental Margins'. Nature 426 (6964): 334–43.


Lecture 2 - uplift and denudation


Lecture 3 - carbon sequestration

  • Bickle, Mike, Andy Chadwick, Herbert E. Huppert, Mark Hallworth, and Sarah Lyle. 2007. 'Modelling Carbon Dioxide Accumulation at Sleipner: Implications for Underground Carbon Storage'. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 255 (1–2): 164–76.
  • Boait, F. C., N. J. White, M. J. Bickle, R. A. Chadwick, J. A. Neufeld, and H. E. Huppert. 2012. 'Spatial and Temporal Evolution of Injected CO 2 at the Sleipner Field, North Sea'. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 117 (B3).
  • Cowton, L. R., J. A. Neufeld, N. J. White, M. J. Bickle, J. C. White, and R. A. Chadwick. 2016. 'An Inverse Method for Estimating Thickness and Volume with Time of a Thin CO 2 -Filled Layer at the Sleipner Field, North Sea: ESTIMATING CO 2 -LAYER THICKNESS'. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 121 (7): 5068–85.
  • Huppert, Herbert E., and Jerome A. Neufeld. 2014. 'The Fluid Mechanics of Carbon Dioxide Sequestration'. Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics 46 (1): 255–72.


Lecture 4 - seismic oceanography

  • Gunn, K. L., N. J. White, R. D. Larter, and C. P. Caulfield. 2018. 'Calibrated Seismic Imaging of Eddy-Dominated Warm-Water Transport Across the Bellingshausen Sea, Southern Ocean'. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 123 (4): 3072–99.
  • Holbrook, W. S. 2003. 'Thermohaline Fine Structure in an Oceanographic Front from Seismic Reflection Profiling'. Science 301 (5634): 821–24.
  • Papenberg, C., D. Klaeschen, G. Krahmann, and R. W. Hobbs. 2010. 'Ocean Temperature and Salinity Inverted from Combined Hydrographic and Seismic Data'. Geophysical Research Letters 37 (4).
  • Sheen, K. L., N. J. White, C. P. Caulfield, and R. W. Hobbs. 2012. 'Seismic Imaging of a Large Horizontal Vortex at Abyssal Depths beneath the Sub-Antarctic Front'. Nature Geoscience 5 (8): 542–46.
  • Sheen, K. L., N. J. White, and R. W. Hobbs. 2009. 'Estimating Mixing Rates from Seismic Images of Oceanic Structure'. Geophysical Research Letters 36 (24).
  • Yilmaz, Öz. 2001. Seismic Data Analysis: Processing, Inversion, and Interpretation of Seismic Data. Society of Exploration Geophysicists.


Lecture 5 - dynamic topography 1

  • Al-Hajri, Yasir, Nicky White, and Stewart Fishwick. 2009. 'Scales of Transient Convective Support beneath Africa'. Geology 37 (10): 883–86.
  • Czarnota, K., M. J. Hoggard, N. White, and J. Winterbourne. 2013. 'Spatial and Temporal Patterns of Cenozoic Dynamic Topography around Australia: DYNAMIC TOPOGRAPHY AROUND AUSTRALIA'. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 14 (3): 634–58.
  • Hoggard, M. J., N. White, and D. Al-Attar. 2016. 'Global Dynamic Topography Observations Reveal Limited Influence of Large-Scale Mantle Flow'. Nature Geoscience 9 (6): 456–63.
  • Menard, H. W. 1973. 'Depth Anomalies and the Bobbing Motion of Drifting Islands'. Journal of Geophysical Research 78 (23): 5128–37.
  • Winterbourne, Jeffrey, Alistair Crosby, and Nicky White. 2009. 'Depth, Age and Dynamic Topography of Oceanic Lithosphere beneath Heavily Sedimented Atlantic Margins'. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 287 (1–2): 137–51.


Lecture 6 - dynamic topography 2 (models)

  • Braun, Jean. 2010. 'The Many Surface Expressions of Mantle Dynamics'. Nature Geoscience 3 (November): 825.
  • Flament, Nicolas, Michael Gurnis, and R. Dietmar Müller. 2013. 'A Review of Observations and Models of Dynamic Topography'. Lithosphere 5 (2): 189–210.
  • Hager, B. H., and M. A. Richards. 1989. 'Long-Wavelength Variations in Earth's Geoid: Physical Models and Dynamical Implications'. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences 328 (1599): 309–27.
  • Hager, Bradford H., Robert W. Clayton, Mark A. Richards, Robert P. Comer, and Adam M. Dziewonski. 1985. 'Lower Mantle Heterogeneity, Dynamic Topography and the Geoid'. Nature 313 (6003): 541–45.


Lecture 7 - modern and ancient landscapes

  • Hartley, Ross A., Gareth G. Roberts, Nicky White, and Chris Richardson. 2011. 'Transient Convective Uplift of an Ancient Buried Landscape'. Nature Geoscience 4 (8): 562–65.
  • Howard, Alan D., William E. Dietrich, and Michele A. Seidl. 1994. 'Modeling Fluvial Erosion on Regional to Continental Scales'. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 99 (B7): 13971–86.
  • Paul, Jonathan D., Gareth G. Roberts, and Nicky White. 2014. 'The African Landscape through Space and Time'. Tectonics 33 (6): 898–935.
  • Roberts, Gareth G., and Nicky White. 2010. 'Estimating Uplift Rate Histories from River Profiles Using African Examples'. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 115 (B2).
  • Rudge, John F., Gareth G. Roberts, Nicky J. White, and Christopher N. Richardson. 2015. 'Uplift Histories of Africa and Australia from Linear Inverse Modeling of Drainage Inventories'. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface 120 (5): 894–914.


Lecture 8 - surface manifestations of mantle convection

  • Jones, Stephen M., Nicky White, and John Maclennan. 2002. 'V-Shaped Ridges around Iceland: Implications for Spatial and Temporal Patterns of Mantle Convection'. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 3 (10): 1–23.
  • Parnell-Turner, R. E., N. J. White, J. Maclennan, T. J. Henstock, B. J. Murton, and S. M. Jones. 2013. 'Crustal Manifestations of a Hot Transient Pulse at 60°N beneath the Mid-Atlantic Ridge'. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 363 (February): 109–20.
  • Parnell-Turner, Ross, Nicky White, Tim Henstock, Bramley Murton, John Maclennan, and Stephen M. Jones. 2014. 'A Continuous 55-Million-Year Record of Transient Mantle Plume Activity beneath Iceland'. Nature Geoscience 7 (November): 914.
  • Poore, Heather, Nicky White, and John Maclennan. 2011. 'Ocean Circulation and Mantle Melting Controlled by Radial Flow of Hot Pulses in the Iceland Plume'. Nature Geoscience 4 (8): 558–61.
  • Vogt, P.R. 1971. 'Asthenosphere Motion Recorded by the Ocean Floor South of Iceland'. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 13 (1): 153–60.