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Option 3 - Deep Earth Structure

Reading List - Option 3 (2019)

Please note that if references are marked with an asterisk (*) , they have been highlighted by your lecturers as being particularly useful to you.

Structure and Dynamics of the Deep Earth - Sanne Cottaar and David Al-Attar

Lectures 1-4: Global Seismology (Sanne Cottaar)

Lecture 1

  • Zhu, Hejun, Ebru Bozdağ, Daniel Peter, and Jeroen Tromp. “Structure of the European Upper Mantle Revealed by Adjoint Tomography.” Nature Geoscience 5, no. 7 (July 2012): 493–98.


Lecture 2

  • Cottaar, Sanne, and Arwen Deuss. “Large-Scale Mantle Discontinuity Topography beneath Europe: Signature of Akimotoite in Subducting Slabs: MANTLE DISCONTINUITIES BENEATH EUROPE.” Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 121, no. 1 (January 2016): 279–92.
  • Hurst, M. D., S. M. Mudd, M. Attal, and G. Hilley. “Hillslopes Record the Growth and Decay of Landscapes.” Science 341, no. 6148 (August 23, 2013): 868–71.
  • Kind, R., and X. Li. “Deep Earth Structure - Transition Zone and Mantle Discontinuities.” In Treatise on Geophysics, 655–82. Elsevier, 2015.
  • Long, Maureen D., and Thorsten W. Becker. “Mantle Dynamics and Seismic Anisotropy.” Earth and Planetary Science Letters 297, no. 3–4 (September 2010): 341–54.
  • Romanowicz, B.A., and B.J. Mitchell. “Deep Earth Structure: Q of the Earth from Crust to Core.” In Treatise on Geophysics, 789–827. Elsevier, 2015.
  • Zhu, Hejun, Ebru Bozdağ, Thomas S. Duffy, and Jeroen Tromp. “Seismic Attenuation beneath Europe and the North Atlantic: Implications for Water in the Mantle.” Earth and Planetary Science Letters 381 (November 2013): 1–11.


Lecture 3

  • French, Scott W., and Barbara Romanowicz. “Broad Plumes Rooted at the Base of the Earth’s Mantle beneath Major Hotspots.” Nature 525, no. 7567 (September 2015): 95–99.
  • Fukao, Yoshio, and Masayuki Obayashi. “Subducted Slabs Stagnant above, Penetrating through, and Trapped below the 660 Km Discontinuity: SUBDUCTED SLABS IN THE TRANSITION ZONE.” Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 118, no. 11 (November 2013): 5920–38.
  • Garnero, Edward J., Allen K. McNamara, and Sang-Heon Shim. “Continent-Sized Anomalous Zones with Low Seismic Velocity at the Base of Earth’s Mantle.” Nature Geoscience 9, no. 7 (July 2016): 481–89.
  • Lay, T. “Deep Earth Structure: Lower Mantle and D″.” In Treatise on Geophysics, 683–723. Elsevier, 2015.
  • Yu, Shule, and Edward J. Garnero. “Ultralow Velocity Zone Locations: A Global Assessment.” Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 19, no. 2 (February 2018): 396–414.


Lecture 4

Lectures 5-8: Deforming Planet (David Al-Attar)

Lecture 5

  • Austermann, J., Mitrovica, J.X., Latychev, K. & Milne, G.A., 2013. Barbados-based estimate of ice volume at Last Glacial Maximum affected by subducted plate. Nature Geoscience, 6, 553.
  • Coleman B. D. & Noll W., 1961. Foundations of linear viscoelasticity. Rev. Mod. Phys., 33, 239—249.
  • Crawford O., Al-Attar D., Tromp J., & Mitrovica J.X., 2017. Forward and inverse modelling of post-seismic deformation, Geophys. J. Int., 208, 845—876.
  • Crawford O., 2018. On the Viscoelastic Deformation of the Earth. PhD Thesis, University of Cambridge.
  • Day, W.A., 1971. Restrictions on relaxation functions in linear viscoelasticity, Q. J. Mech. Appl. Math., 24, 487–497.
  • Gurtin, M.E., 1968. On the thermodynamics of materials with memory. Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis, 28, 40–50.
  • Jackson I., 2015. Properties of Rocks and Minerals – Physical Origins of Anelasticity and Attenuation in Rock. In Treatise on Geophysics Vol. 2. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 539-571.
  • Lau, H.C., Mitrovica, J.X., Austermann, J., Crawford, O., Al-Attar, D. & Latychev, K., 2016. Inferences of mantle viscosity based on ice age data sets: Radial structure. J. Geophys. Res., 121, 6991—7012.
  • Müller G., 1986. Generalized Maxwell bodies and estimates of mantle viscosity. Geophys. J. Roy. astron. Soc.. 87, 1113–1141.
  • O’Connell, R.J. & Budiansky, B., 1978. Measures of dissipation in viscoelastic media, Geophys. Res. Lett., 5, 5-8.


Lecture 7


Lecture 8