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Dr Marie Edmonds

Dr Marie Edmonds

University Reader

Fellow, Queens' College

Volcanology, igneous petrology, geochemistry

Marie Edmonds is accepting applications for PhD students.

S412

Office Phone: +44 (0) 1223 333463

Biography:

My CV is here.

Research Interests

My research centres on the cycling of volatiles between the atmosphere and the mantle and the role that magmatic volatiles play in melting, magma genesis, storage and transport, volcanic eruption style and climate modulation over a range of timescales. I am an observationalist who develops quantitative frameworks to understand complex physical and geochemical datasets in collaboration with a diverse range of geochemists, geophysicists and volcanologists. My early career was spent in volcano observatories working on volcano hazard assessment, where I played a role in developing new instrumentation to monitor eruptions. I hold a number of leadership positions both internationally and within the UK. I am co-Chair of the Reservoirs and Fluxes Directorate of the Deep Carbon Observatory and Chair of the Synthesis Group 2019, charged with synthesising and integrating DCO science in the lead-up to the finale of the decadal program in 2019. I am Secretary for Science at the Geological Society of London. I am the Volcanology, Petrology Secretary of the American Geophysical Union. I am a NERC panel Chair and Chair of the NERC ion microprobe facility. I am an enthusiastic communicator of science and enjoy giving public lectures on the subject of volcanology and natural hazards. I am part of a dynamic Volcanology group in Cambridge with interests in igneous petrology, volcanology, modelling, hazard and instrumentation. If you are interested in joining our group for postgraduate work, see our advertised projects. Some projects I am involved with are described below.

Rift volcanism: past, present, future

Continental rift settings, where both effusive and explosive volcanism occur from fissure swarms, volcanic fields and stratovolcanoes, pose a unique set of volcanic hazards. The threat from large magnitude explosions and their associated hazards in rift settings, particularly in the East African Rift, has likely been highly underestimated. Towns and cities in this region are rapidly being developed with little or no regard for the long term risks posed. Cambridge is part of a newly awarded NERC Large Grant to research past and current volcanism and volcanic hazards in the Main Ethiopian Rift. The £3.7 million, five year long project 'RiftVolc'  began in September 2014 led by Prof Kathy Whaler (Edinburgh) and includes the British Geological Survey, universities of Edinburgh, Bristol, Cambridge, Oxford and Leeds as well as Addis Ababa University and the Geological Survey of Ethiopia. Read a University of Cambridge press release here.

Centre for the Observation and Modelling of Earthquakes, Volcanoes and Tectonics (COMET)

COMET is a world-leading NERC-funded collaborative centre for understanding tectonic and volcanic processes and hazards through the integrated application of Earth Observation (EO) data, ground-based measurements, and geophysical models. More than 800,000 people have died in earthquakes since the turn of the century; volcanic eruptions have demonstrated their power to cause major disruption to modern society. COMET is a partnership between the universities of Leeds, Glasgow, UCL, Oxford, Cambridge, Bristol and Reading and the British Geological Survey (BGS). We make observations of volcanic eruptions from space and develop integrated models to understand the magma storage and ascent during eruptions incorporating diverse observations and magma properties.

Topics

  • Magma mixing and ascent
  • Volcanology
  • Volatile geochemical cycling
  • Igneous petrology

Key Publications

Some recent publications - for full list see CV.

85. 2019 in press, M. Edmonds, K.V. Cashman, M.B. Holness, M. Jackson. Architecture and dynamics of magma reservoirs. Philosophical Transactions Series A, Special Issue ‘Architecture and dynamics of magma reservoirs’ Eds. M. Edmonds, K. V. Cashman, M. Holness, M. Jackson. Royal Society. Citations 0.

84. 2019 in press, White, R.S.W., M. Edmonds, J. Maclennan, T. Greenfield and T. Agustsdottir. Melt Movement Through the Icelandic Crust. Philosophical Transactions Series A, Special Issue ‘Architecture and dynamics of magma reservoirs’ Eds. M. Edmonds, K. V. Cashman, M. Holness, M. Jackson. Royal Society. Citations 0.

83.2018, Edmonds, M., E. Liu, T. Mather. A distinct metal fingerprint in arc volcanic emissions. Nature Geoscience 11, 10, 790-794. Citations 0.

82. 2018 in press, Edmonds, M., A.W. Woods. Exsolved volatiles in magma reservoirs. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research (Invited Review Article). Citations 0.

81. 2018, Hamlyn, J., T.J. Wright, R.J. Walters, C. Pagli, E. Sansosti, F. Casu, S. Pepe, M. Edmonds, B. M. Kilbride, D. Keir, J. Neuberg, C. Oppenheimer. What causes subsidence following the 2011 eruption at Nabro (Eritrea)? Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 5, 1, 31. Citations 0.

80. 2018 in pressLiu, E., K. Wood, E. Mason, M. Edmonds, A. Aiuppa, G. Giudice, M. Bitetto, V. Francofonte, T. Richardson, S. Burrow, T. Pering, T. C. Wilkes, A. J. S. McGonigle, G. Velasquez. Short timescale degassing dynamics in a very young plume revealed by proximal Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) measurements at Volcan Villarrica, Chile. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. Citations 0.

79. 2018 in pressMuller, C., J. Biggs, S. K. Ebmeier, P. Mothes, P. B. Palacios, P. Jarrin, M. Edmonds, M. Ruiz. Temporal Evolution of the Magmatic System at Tungurahua Volcano, Ecuador, detected by geodetic observations. J. Volcanological Geothermal Research. Citations 0.

78. 2018 accepted and in pressMcCormick Kilbride, B., G. Wadge, M. Edmonds. Multi-year satellite observations of sulfur dioxide gas emissions and lava extrusion at Bagana volcano, Papua New Guinea. Frontiers. Citations 0.

77. 2018,Liu, E.J., K.V. Cashman, A.C. Rust, M. Edmonds. Insights into the dynamics of mafic magmatic-hydromagmatic eruptions from volatile degassing behaviour: The Hverfjall Fires, Iceland. Journal of Volcanological and Geothermal Research, 358, 228-240.  Citations 0.

76. 2018,Wadge G., B.M. Kilbride, M. Edmonds, R.W. Johnson Persistent growth of a young andesite lava cone: Bagana volcano, Papua New Guinea. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 356, 304-15. Citations 0.

75. 2018,Plail, M., M. Edmonds, A.W. Woods, J. Barclay, M. Humphreys, R.A. Herd, T. Christopher. Mafic enclaves record syn-eruptive basalt intrusion and mixing. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 484, 30–40. Citations 2.

74. 2017,Hartley, M.E., O. Shorttle, J. Maclennan, Y. Moussallam, M. Edmonds. Olivine-hosted melt inclusions as an archive of redox heterogeneity in magmatic systems. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 479, 192-205. Citations 4.

73. 2017,Ilyinskaya, E., A. Schmidt, T. Mather, F. Pope, C. Witham, P. Baxter, Þ. Jóhannsson, S. Barsotti, M. Pfeffer, A. Singh, P. Sanderson, B. Bergsson, B. McCormick, A. Donovan, N. Peters, M. Edmonds. Understanding the environmental impacts of large fissure eruptions: Aerosol and gas emissions from the 2014–2015 Holuhraun eruption (Iceland). Earth and Planetary Science Letters 472, 309-322. Citations 7.

72. 2017,Mason, E., M. Edmonds, A.V.T Turchyn. Remobilization of crustal carbon may dominate volcanic arc emissions. Science 357, 6348, 290-294. Citations 15.

71. 2017,Neave, D. A., M. E. Hartley, J. Maclennan, M. Edmonds, T. Thordarson. Volatile and light lithophile elements in high-anorthite plagioclase-hosted meltinclusions from Iceland. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 205, 100–118. Citations 4.

70. 2017, Edmonds, M., P. Wallace. Volatiles and exsolved vapor in volcanic systems. Elements, 13, 1, 29-34. Citations 10.

69. 2017, Edmonds, M., T.A. Mather. Volcanic sulfides and outgassing. Elements, 13, 2, 105-10. Citations 5.

68. 2017, Hughes, E., D.A. Neave, K. Dobson, M. Edmonds.  How to fragment peralkaline rhyolites: Observations of pumice using combined 2D and 3D imaging. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 336, 179–191. Citations 6.

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